18 years after Captain James Cook discovered Australia the British had ideas to settle on the new land. On January 26th 1788 a fleet of eleven ships landed at Sydney Harbour which was led by Captain Arthur Phillip. The eleven ships carried more than 1500 people, half were criminals and convicts that where brought to Australia to ease prison cells in England.
Some settlers encountered the indigenous communities. The indigenous people tried to stop these strange people settling on their land. Using spears was how they wanted to scare away the unwanted visitors but the British had guns. Conflict grew between the indigenous people and British people . Eventually the British took over more and more of the land for farming and settlement.
There were a lot of differences between the British and the indigenous people , like: Language, Lifestyle, Clothing and Diets. While the indigenous people were trying to fight for their land, the British had negative attitudes towards them. As the British colony grew, the British prevented the Indigenous people from using the land. The British started clearing land and putting up fences for restricting access and introducing animals.
The Indigenous people wanted to avoid the British, but as the number of settlers increased it got harder for the Indigenous people to avoid them. Governor Phillip wanted to avoid any unnecessary conflict with the indigenous people by treating them with kindness and asking the soldiers not to harm them. Governor Phillip then captured several indigenous people to teach them English and so they could be translators. After a while there was more conflict over land and culture. So governor Phillip changed his mind and ordered soldiers to start firing.
The First Fleet brought disease. Most of the disease where deadly because the indigenous couldn’t even stand a common cold. So the means the disease like: Smallpox, Tuberculosis, Influenza, Whooping Cough and the Common Cold which were all very deadly to the indigenous people.
There were a number of victims from smallpox 1 year later. As the settlement grew, so did the number of disease leaving the remaining indigenous people devastated from the amount of deaths. The indigenous people tried to use traditional medicine but it didn’t work, and the British had wrecked all the resources they found on the land that the indigenous people used to make their traditional medicine.
With the amount of devastating disease the indigenous people also suffered malnutrition. (Lack of healthy food) The British industries required workers. Some aboriginals began working for flour, sugar, tea and occasionally bits of meat. Some indigenous people still relied on the land but because of the growing economy it got harder to search and hunt for food. The Indigenous people had a very healthy diet before the British arrived. The diets contained fruit, vegetable, meat, seafood and nuts. These diets where very balanced but when the British came their diets and lifestyles suffered.